In the Covey’s Four Disciplines of Execution (4DX), the formula of from X to Y by Z is the formula for goal setting.
X is the baseline, where you are, what you have, or status quo, etc.
Y is the desired end state, where you want to be, what you want to achieve.
Z is the time allotted to complete this goal.
I like this formula not only for its simplicity but also its usefulness. Let’s break it down:
X – You have to know where you are in order to improve, change, or grow. Without the baseline, one just flop around and has no clue nor basis for progress.
Y – Similar to X (i.e. measurable), Y is the goal. The clearer the Y is the more likely you will achieve it. Again knowing where you are and where you want to go are key factors.
Z – Assign a time period makes this goal realistic, hence, easy to measure progress.
There you have it – the X, Y, Z of setting and achieving goals.