According to Professor Howard Gardner, intelligence is :
- the ability to create an effective product or offer a service that is valued in a culture,
- a set of skills that make it possible for a person to solve problems in life,
- the potential for finding or creating solutions for problems, which involves gathering new knowledge.
Good news is that there are more than one way to learn based on Dr Gardner’s multiple intelligence theory. Meaning intelligence is not limited to the traditional written words (linguistic) or numbers (mathematical/ logical).
Instead, there are least seven intelligence we should consider:
- LINGUISTIC The ability to use spoken or written words.
- LOGICAL-MATHEMATICAL Inductive and deductive thinking and reasoning abilities, logic, as well as the use of numbers and abstract pattern recognition.
- VISUAL-SPATIAL The ability to mentally visualize objects and spatial dimensions.
- BODY-KINESTHETIC The wisdom of the body and the ability to control physical motion.
- MUSICAL-RHYTHMIC The ability to master music as well as rhythms, tones and beats.
- INTERPERSONAL The ability to communicate effectively with other people and to be able to develop relationships.
- INTRAPERSONAL The ability to understand one’s own emotions, motivations, inner states of being, and self-reflection.
These modes are not separate and distinct but rather blended receptors for individual learning similar to the Myer Briggs Type Indicators. Best to recognize the different intelligence and your preferred one(s) so you can be most effective whether teaching or learning.
What is your preferred mode of intelligence?
Sadly, this may be another educational theory with no validity…
Wow Dave, thanks for pointing out the unsubstantiated theories. I suppose there are lots feel-good theories or get result quick gimmicks that cater to our success oriented culture. And as a result they have gained popularity without empirical evidences. Thanks for sharing.